Kentucky Panthers & F9F-2 pilot extraordinaire: John Joseph Magda, Jr.

MAM banner

John Magda in an F9F -2. Photo: USN
John Magda in an F9F -2. Photo: USN

12 June 2015 l Bowling Green, Kentucky & Polk City, Florida. One motto of the Commonwealth of Kentucky is Deo gratiam habeamus or “Let us be grateful to God.” Kentuckians are proud and grateful to the men and women who have served and sacrificed to obtain and maintain liberty. A noteworthy native son, John ‘Johnny’ J. Magda, Jr., born to Hungarian immigrant parents at Camp Taylor, Kentucky, gave his life in the cause of maintaining freedom and democracy for an American ally.

F9F-2-Panthers-over-Korea-in-1951-with-Armstrong-piloting-S-116-USN-photo
Neil Armstrong in F9F-2 S-116 over Korea. Photo: USN

Not only is Magda remembered for being a brave man and native of Kentucky, but his legacy includes being among a relative handful of elite Grumman F9F Panther pilots. The extraordinary group of achievers includes Ted Williams, the famous Boston Red Sox baseball player, John Glenn, Friendship 7 astronaut and the first American to orbit the earth, and Neil Armstrong, who commanded Apollo 11 and was the first man to walk on the moon.

Fantasy of Flight's F9F-2 Panther.
Fantasy of Flight’s F9F-2 Panther.

As the 20th Century Aviation Magazine article Florida Panthers (Grumman F9Fs): Revered but No Longer on the Hunt indicates, four-footed ‘Panthers’, as well as a three-footed, man-made, winged aluminum example, are to be seen in the Bluegrass State.

1820 oil sketch of Daniel Boone by Chester Harding. Photo: Wikipedia
Chester Harding’s 1820 oil sketch of Daniel Boone. Source: Wikipedia

Yes, Kentucky, just as the Sunshine State, possesses ‘Panthers’ of the animal variety albeit they are probably cougars, mountain lions or pumas and wildlife officials are skeptical as to their existence. Referencing claims of sightings, a respondent, who goes by the moniker ‘IrishTom29’, to a post on the CityData.com Web page Mountain Lions/Cougars back in Kentucky! posted the following: “There are several uses of the term ‘panther’. . . If ole Daniel Boone ran into a ‘cougar’ he probably called it a ‘panther’.”

F9F Panther at the Aviation Heritage Park. Photo: Aviation Heritage Park

 

Kentucky can additionally boast to having an authentic Grumman Panther in residence. An F9F-5, which is on loan from the National Naval Aviation Museum in Pensacola, Florida, sits inert inside the Aviation Heritage Park in Bowling Green, Kentucky. The type and model are forever preserved in Hollywood’s production of The Bridges of Toko Ri, which starred William Holden as the fictional Harry Brubaker, who in the film, like John Magda, Jr., was a World War II U.S. Navy fighter pilot died during the Korean War after his Panther was hit by ground fire.

Brewster F2A-2 at NACA. Photo: NACA-NASA EL-2000-00219
Brewster F2A-2 at NACA.
Photo: NACA-NASA EL-2000-00219

Prior to attaining prominence at the controls of F9F-2s, John Magda, an athlete who graduated Western Kentucky State Teachers’ College in 1940, worked his way up through the U.S. Navy’s pilot training program at Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida, beginning in January 1941.

Ensign John Magda seen in John Ford’s wartime documentary The Battle of Midway
Ensign John Magda seen in John Ford’s wartime documentary The Battle of Midway

In June 1941 Ensign Magda, with the wings of a naval aviator on his tunic, learned to fly fighter planes. At the time, the most modern U.S. Navy (USN) types were the Brewster F2A Buffalo and Grumman F4F Wildcat, both of which were generally inferior in performance to their future foe, which was the Imperial Japanese Navy’s Mitsubishi A6M Zero. August of 1941 found John Magda assigned to VF-8, which was at the time equipped with Wildcats and based on the aircraft carrier USS Hornet.

VF-8 F4F Wildcats during the Battle of Midway. Photo: Michael W. Pocock of www.maritimequest.com
VF-8 F4F Wildcats during the Battle of Midway.
Photo: Michael W. Pocock of www.maritimequest.com

In the midst one mission during the June 1942 Battle of Midway Ensign Magda’s relatively short-ranged F4F exhausted its fuel supply after the determined pilot attacked three Japanese aircraft. Magda ditched the powerless plane into the Pacific Ocean, and he another aviator subsequently drifted in a life raft for 5 days until located and recovered.

John J. Magda, Jr., survived World War II and in 1948 became a member of the first jet (North American FJ-1 Furys) squadron (VF-5A — the ‘Screaming Eagles’) to operate aboard an aircraft carrier (USS Boxer – CV 21).

 A Sea Fury FB 11 flies off HMS Glory in 1951. Photo: Royal Navy

A Sea Fury FB 11 flies off HMS Glory in 1951.
Photo: Royal Navy

Transitioning to turbine power did present a few challenges for aviators. The turbojets were faster but at the same time temperamental. At altitude the thirsty jets were in their element, but down low reciprocating contemporaries such as the Grumman F8F Bearcat and Hawker Sea Fury were generally superior in performance. In fact a segment titled Flying Bearcats with The Horsemen Aerobatic Team, contained on the DVD Ultimate Aviation DVD Series Volume 1, also records the point that the highly capable Bearcats approximated the landing speeds and associated approach profiles of extant jets.

FJ-1 Fury launches from Boxer in March 1948. Photo: USN NAN3-63
FJ-1 Fury launches from Boxer in March 1948.
Photo: USN NAN3-63

VF-5A was soon re-designated ‘VF-51’ and operated FJ-1s beginning in August 1948. Whenever a new aircraft enters service pilots acclimate themselves to the intricacies of each new design and the manufacturer discovers and rectifies problems.

At 5:00 p.m. on 3 May 1948 Lieutenant Commander Magda made an approach to USS Princeton in FJ-1 Fury #120366. Initially all was well, but according to the USN’s Aircraft Accident Card, after establishing a rate of descent that was excessive he applied too much ‘up’ elevator. The result was that the after part of the fuselage contacted the deck and the arresting hook broke.” The damaged Fury traveled up the deck only to be stopped by the erected Mk. 5 crash barrier. Fortunately, the barriers operated as designed, but nose wheel failure occurred and increased the extent of damage. An inspection found that the tail hook was broken and the entire length of the fuselage and ‘components’ in scattered areas had incurred major structural damage. Although the cause was officially classified as ‘PE’ (pilot error) as a result of judgment or technique, lessons were learned by the Navy as well as Magda.

Two years later John Magda was flying turbojet-powered Grumman F9F-2s. The F9F-2 was the first production version, powered by Pratt & Whitney ‘J42‘ (a license-built Rolls-Royce RB.41 Nene) engine. Specifically, the J42 Turbo Wasp centrifugal-flow turbojet was rated at 5,000 pound force (lbf) (26.5 kN) with water injection.

Blue Angels F9F-2 1949-03. Photo: USN
Blue Angels F9F-2 1949-03.
Photo: USN

Significantly, F9F-2s were the Blue Angels first jet mounts. As the commander of the 1950 team, Magda took command in January 1950 after the unit’s upgrade from the F8F-1.

Blue Angels F8F Bearcat 1946-02 . Photo: USN
Blue Angels F8F Bearcat 1946-02 .
Photo: USN

When the jet era arrived for the Blue Angels John Magda, Jr., was the man who led the pilots as they transitioned to performing in the larger, heavier and faster 500-knot (575 mph, 925 km/h) F9F-2 Panther. The demonstration squadron was equipped with F9F-2s from 1949 to 1950.

However, in November war broke out in Asia as Communists forces in North Korea attempted to overrun the democratic south. Panthers went to sea aboard aircraft carriers and entered the fray.

Operating from rolling and pitching decks, and in flying machines in general regardless of the environment, entails some degree of uncertainly and carries a chance for unexpected accidents. At 5:08 p.m. on 14 November 1950, after completing a combat air patrol above the task force,  Lieutenant Commander Magda came aboard USS Princeton in F9F-2B #123631. He “made a normal carrier approach and landed in a tail low attitude.” The tail hook struck the deck, gouging 7 inches into a wood plank. The toe of the hook struck a steel cleat and “either broke off at this point or 7 feet further up the deck on the hook’s first bounce after contact with the cleat.” The Panther hurtled up the deck until “arrested by the number 1 Davis type barrier.” The incident report continues, “The cause of this accident was hook breakage due to a freak blow on a cross deck steel tie-down cleat.” Damage was additionally sustained to the right tip tank, left and right landing gears, left and right landing gear fairings, miscellaneous hydraulic hoses, right outboard flap assembly, left and right wheel doors, and a ram air duct.

F9F-2s pass USS Princeton CV-37. Photo: Naval Historical Center NH 97047
F9F-2s pass USS Princeton CV-37. Photo: Naval Historical Center NH 97047

Notably, the sleek straight-wing jets soon made their mark in aerial fighting when the first MiG-15 was downed on 9 November 1950 by Lieutenant Commander William Amen of VF-111 (the ‘Sundowners’). Amen was piloting an F9F-2B.

MiG-15 at NMUSAF. Photo: USAF
MiG-15 at NMUSAF.
Photo: USAF

Although the F9F was slower (575 miles per hour/500 knots/925 kilometer per hour) than the MiG-15 (616 miles per hour/536 knots/992 kilometers per hour at 10,000 meters/33,000 ft), the Panther possessed deadly fangs in the form of four 20 mm (0.79 in) M2 cannons and the American naval aviators were generally better trained than their opponents.

Grumman F9F-2 Panther circa 1952. Photo: USN
Grumman F9F-2 Panther circa 1952.
Photo: USN

The Aviation Heritage Park’s website states the following about the F9F: “The system was primarily utilized as a close-support strike aircraft but could hold its own against the Soviet-built MiG jet fighters fielded by North Korea and China.” Notably, Panthers were the most widely used U.S. Navy jet fighter of the Korean War, undertaking some 78,000 sorties and scoring the first air-to-air kill by the U.S. Navy.

Lieutenant Commander Magda eventually found himself in command of VF-191 on USS Princeton. It was on this deployment that Magda would lose his life in the service of his country.

On 8 March 1951 at 1:25 p.m. John J. Magda, Jr., was flying an armed reconnaissance mission. His mount (F9F-2B #123621) was, the loss report indicates, hit in the vicinity of a fuel cell by enemy anti-aircraft fire over Tanchon, Korea after a strafing run. The “under part of the aircraft burned heavily,” states the document.

USS-Boxer-operating-off-North-Korea-in-July-1953-USN-photo-HN-SN-98-07246Magda headed north toward the sea and in the direction of friendly ships at Songjin. When nearly over the Allied vessels he commenced a nose high turn at about 3,000 feet. The fatally wounded Panther, now uncontrollable, rolled over and spiraled into the water at a 45 degree angle. Lieutenant Commander Magda was thrown clear of the aircraft but did not survive. His body was recovered. ‘Johnny’ Magda was thus the only Blue Angels member to die during the conflict.

VF-191's logo.
VF-191’s logo.

Jim Winchester indicates (page 97) in Military Aircraft of the Cold War that Panthers continued to serve in small numbers into the 1960s and beginning in September 1962 operational Panthers were re-designated ‘F-9’. In fact, former U.S. Navy air intelligence officer J.R. Hafer, the founder and publisher of 20th Century Aviation Magazine, encountered Panthers several times after entering the Navy. “There were a few F9Fs still in service when I entered the Navy in 1963,” remarked Mr. Hafer.He added, “Most were used as photo reconnaissance aircraft and drones.”

F9F-5P photo reconnaissance version. Photo: USN NAN12-53-300×168

On 27 October 2006 Western Kentucky University honored John J. Magda, Jr., by inducting him into the institution’s Hall of Distinguished Alumni, and on 3 November 2007 the highly decorated Magda was inducted into the Aviation Hall of Fame in Lexington, Kentucky. John J. Magda Jr.’s remains rest in Louisville’s Zachary Taylor National Cemetery. All Americans, not just citizens of Kentucky, can and should take great pride in this Kentucky hero.
________________________
The author (Col. John Stemple) thanks the Aviation Heritage Park in Bowling Green, Kentucky, Michael W. Pocock of www.maritimequest.com, Craig Fuller of Aviation Archaeological Investigation & Research and J.R. Hafer for providing information, insights and images.

Suggested Viewings

Lt. Commander John J. Magda, Jr.

F8F Bearcat & F4U4 Corsair Punta Gorda FL Airshow 2012

Grumman F9F Panther

Grumman F9F Panther

F9F Panther

F9F Panther at 1993 Kalamazoo Airshow

Grumman F9F Panther vs MiG-15

Korean War home movies USS Princeton (CV-37) Oriskany (CVA-34)

Ted Williams Panther Jet Clips

US Navy F9F-2 Panther aircraft are catapulted from USS Philippine Sea (CVA-47)

USS Boxer (CV-21) Operation Pugilist, 06/12/1953 (full)

USS Oriskany launches F9F Panther fighters during the Korean war

Sources & Suggested Readings

A Blue Angel’s First Combat Flight at Midway

Battle of Midway
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Midway

Blue Angels
http://www.blueangels.navy.mil/

Blue Angels History
http://aerobaticteams.net/blue-angels-history.html

Blue Angels 1950s
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_Angels#1950s

Brewster F2A Buffalo
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brewster_F2A_Buffalo

Captain Theodore Williams Crash Lands
http://tedwilliams.com/index.php?page=burnjet&level=2

Daniel Boone
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Boone

Daniel Boone in Kentucky
http://www.exploresouthernhistory.com/danielboone.html

Flying Bearcats with The Horsemen Aerobatic Team. Ultimate Aviation DVD Series Volume 1. TNM, 2012.

Fort Boonesborough History
http://parks.ky.gov/parks/recreationparks/fort-boonesborough/history.aspx

Daniel Boone and The History of Fort Boonesborough
http://www.fortboonesboroughlivinghistory.org/html/daniel_boone.html

Boonesborough, Kentucky
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boonesborough,_Kentucky

First Jet on Jet Kill
http://fly.historicwings.com/2012/11/first-jet-on-jet-kill/

Flight Journal: Four Down!
http://www.flightjournal.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Four-Down.pdf?746277&02a977

Florida Panther
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florida_panther

Florida Panther Net
http://www.floridapanthernet.org/

Florida Panthers
http://panthers.nhl.com/

Green, William and Gordon Swanborough, The Complete Book of Fighters, New York: Smithmark, 1994, p. 106.

Grumman F4F Wildcat
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grumman_F4F_Wildcat

Grumman F8F Bearcat
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grumman_F8F_Bearcat

Grumman Panther F9F – Aviation Heritage Park

Grumman F9F Panther
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grumman_F9F_Panther

Grumman F9F Panther
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grumman_F9F_Panther#/media/File:F9F-2_VF-21_CVA-41.jpeg

Hawker Sea Fury
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawker_Sea_Fury

Hawker Sea Fury FB.11
http://www.royalnavyhistoricflight.org.uk/aircraft/

J42 Engine
http://www.pratt-whitney.com/J42_Engine

John Glenn
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Glenn

John Herschel Glenn, Jr. (Colonel, USMC, Ret.)
http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/glenn-j.html

John Joseph Magda, Jr.
http://www.blueangels-usn.org/jjmagda.html

Johnny Magda Inducted into Kentucky Aviation Hall of Fame
http://www.aviationheritagepark.com/news/veteran.html

Just Plane Fun
http://www.bgdailynews.com/news/just-plane-fun/article_806cef28-ebe5-51c0-bffe-3a5efdc19012.html

Kentucky
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kentucky#19th_century

Lawson, Robert L. Lawson (ed.) The History of US Naval Air Power. New York: The Military Press 1985, p. 109.

LCDR John Joseph Magda
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=magda&GSbyrel=all&GSdy=1951&GSdyrel=in&GSob=n&GRid=3302605&df=all&

LCDR John “Johnny” J. Magda
https://navypilotoverseas.wordpress.com/category/lcdr-john-johnny-j-magda/

Lieutenant Commander John J. Magda, Jr.
http://www.aviationheritagepark.com/magda.html

List of military aircraft of the United States (naval)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_military_aircraft_of_the_United_States_%28naval%29#Fighter.2C_1922.E2.80.931962

Magda, John Joseph, LCDR
http://navy.togetherweserved.com/usn/servlet/tws.webapp.WebApp?cmd=ShadowBoxProfile&type=Person&ID=452287

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mikoyan-Gurevich_MiG-15

Mitsubishi A6M Zero
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitsubishi_A6M_Zero

Mountain Lions/ Cougars back in Kentucky!
http://www.city-data.com/forum/kentucky/358759-mountain-lions-cougars-back-kentucky-union-2.html#ixzz3c2iQq8Ak

Neil Armstrong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_Armstrong

North American FJ-2/-3 Fury
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_American_FJ-2/-3_Fury

National Naval Aviation Museum

North American FJ-1 Fury
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_American_FJ-1_Fury

Notable Panther Pilots: Ted Williams & Royce Williams
http://www.aviationheritagepark.com/tedwilliams.html

Panther
http://www.aviationheritagepark.com/panther.html

Panthers At Sea
http://www.airspacemag.com/military-aviation/panthers-at-sea-69666178/

Rolls-Royce RB.41 Nene/Pratt & Whitney J42/JT6
http://all-aero.com/index.php/64-engines-power/9263-rolls-royce-nene

The 15 Minute War at 26,000 feet
http://www.thecommunitypaper.com/2005/07_14_05/coverstory.php

The Official Ted Williams Site: Korean War
http://tedwilliams.com/index.php?page=milkorean&level=2

Ted Williams
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ted_Williams

The Bridges at Toko-Ri
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Bridges_at_Toko-Ri

USS Boxer (CV-21)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Boxer_%28CV-21%29

USS Hornet (CV-8)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Hornet_%28CV-8%29

USS Hornet CV-8
http://www.maritimequest.com/warship_directory/us_navy_pages/aircraft_carriers/hornet_cv_8/uss_hornet_cv8_page_12.htm

USS Princeton (CV-37)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Princeton_%28CV-37%29

VF-8
http://www.wings-aviation.ch/25-Navy-Sqn/VF-Squadrons/VF-008.htm

VF-191
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VF-191

Winchester, Jim, ed. “Grumman F9F Panther”. Military Aircraft of the Cold War (The Aviation Factfile). London: Grange Books, 2006.

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